Forests, Conquests and the Cave

Kirlareli province borders Bulgaria. Much like its neighbor, Kirklareli has a turbulent history. Dating from the Bronze Age, this province was home to one of the first European settlements, and experienced several waves of conquest - the Persians, the Bulgarians, the Byzantines, the Ottoman Empire, and the Greeks.


Due to pleasant Mediterranean climate and sandy beaches, Kirlareli offers many tourist attractions. Although sparsely populated,  lush forests on the north are the main source of income for locals. Access to the sea provides jobs for those skilled with nets and hooks.


Dupnisa cave is one of the main sightseeing attractions of the province. In ancient times, it was used for the Dionysian Rituals. It is 2720 meters long, and was formed around 180 million years ago. Dupnisa cave is open for public since 2003.  


Regional stories

Bulgarian Border Population Loss Regions
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

The Balkan Peninsula is the European region known for its persistent negative population growth. Beside the largest number of deaths versus births, migration is one of the reasons for decreasing number of residents of the Balkans.

Some of the main demographic indicators related to population quantity are natural increase rate and population change. Natural increase rate is the difference between the number of births and deaths per 1,000 residents. Population change is the difference between the population number in two periods, divided by the earlier one. Population change is represented in percentages. Bulgarian Border Region comprises 23 regions of Bulgaria (11), Macedonia (3), Serbia (7) and Turkey (2).

Unlike many European countries with low or negative natural...