The steaming geyser

Kyustendil region is located on the southwest of the country. The western part of the region is bordered by Macedonia and Serbia. Kyustendil region is named after the city of Kyustendil, which gained its name from Konstantin Dragas, a 14th century Serbian lord.


Some of the natural beauties of the region are Rila National Park, Skakavitza Waterfall, and the Stob earth pyramids.


The town of Kyustendil is a national balneological resort with more than 40 mineral springs.


Sapareva Banya is a town located at the foot of the Rila mountain. The geyser in the center of the town is the landmark of the city and the only active geyser in the Balkans. Hot mineral water reaches 103°C (217 °F). Sulfuric spring water was used as a cure since Thracian and Roman times. It is believed to have a soothing effect on the musculoskeletal system, nervous system, and upper respiratory tract.


The agriculture of the region is mostly fruit-oriented. The fertile land around the Struma river is famous for its plums. 


Regional stories

Bulgarian Border Population Loss Regions
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

The Balkan Peninsula is the European region known for its persistent negative population growth. Beside the largest number of deaths versus births, migration is one of the reasons for decreasing number of residents of the Balkans.

Some of the main demographic indicators related to population quantity are natural increase rate and population change. Natural increase rate is the difference between the number of births and deaths per 1,000 residents. Population change is the difference between the population number in two periods, divided by the earlier one. Population change is represented in percentages. Bulgarian Border Region comprises 23 regions of Bulgaria (11), Macedonia (3), Serbia (7) and Turkey (2).

Unlike many European countries with low or negative natural...