Southeastern Macedonia
Waterfalls of the Belasica Mountain

The largest city of the region is Strumica. According to archeological findings, the first settlements on the city's territory date back to the 6th millennium BC. Today, Strumica is the main agricultural center in the Republic of Macedonia.

 

Some of the tourist attractions are Koleshino Waterfall and Smolare Waterfall, both at elevations around 600m on the Mount Belasica.

 

Near the village of Novo Selo, a Bulgarian military cemetery is located. Besides the Bulgarian soldiers, there lay buried the Macedonian, Serbian and Greek soldiers who died during the First and the Second Balkan War.

 

One of the driving economic forces of the region is the Bucim mine, the only copper and gold mine in the country. Other notable industries are food, textile, and tobacco. 

Population

Regional stories

Macedonian Migrant Crisis in Numbers
08/26/2015
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

When the European Migrant crisis arose in Spring 2015, only a few could have foreseen declaring a state of emergency in Macedonia, on 20th August. Macedonia closed its' 45 km long border to Greece, and left a thousands of refugees stranded on the no man's land. Police turned violent and used tear gas and stun grenades on migrants. Several people were injured.

Macedonia became a major stop on the so-called Black Route leading across the Turkey, Greece, Macedonia and Serbia to the European Union countries. Although Greece is a part of the EU, migrants rarely choose to stay there because of the ongoing economic crisis. Most of the refugees are hoping for a final stop in Germany, Nederland or Sweden.  

The massive influx of refugees fleeing from...

A Brief Guide to Macedonian Wine
08/18/2015
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

Macedonia has been producing wine since the early Roman times. Today, with it's a little over 2 million residents, Macedonia accounts for 3-4% of world's wine production. 

State Statistical Office of Macedonia published data according to which nearly 200 000 tonnes were produced in 2014. Around 86 million vines produced an average of 2 kg per vine. 48 000 agricultural holdings grow grapes on more than 22 000 hectares. It is estimated that nearly 19 millions liters of wine were produced in 2014 across the country, of which around 80% red wine.

Some of the red varieties are...

Bulgaria and Macedonia Information Nations?
08/11/2015
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

We live in the era of information. Internet has become a part of almost every aspect of modern human life. Internet Live Stats says 37.9% of the world population were using internet in 2013. Internet World Stats is claiming that 70,5% of Europeans were using the internet in 2014. 

According to the Bulgarian National Statistical Institute and State Statistical Office of Macedonia total of 36 regions of the Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Bulgaria range from 36,6% to 77,5% internet users in 2013. Compared to the Europe and the World, these regions have the percentage of internet users matching those from undeveloped countries...

Bulgarian Border Population Loss Regions
06/03/2015
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

The Balkan Peninsula is the European region known for its persistent negative population growth. Beside the largest number of deaths versus births, migration is one of the reasons for decreasing number of residents of the Balkans.

Some of the main demographic indicators related to population quantity are natural increase rate and population change. Natural increase rate is the difference between the number of births and deaths per 1,000 residents. Population change is the difference between the population number in two periods, divided by the earlier one. Population change is represented in percentages. Bulgarian Border Region comprises 23 regions of Bulgaria (11), Macedonia (3), Serbia (7) and Turkey (2).

Unlike many European countries with low or negative natural...

Key Migration Trends in Macedonia
03/13/2015
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

 

The State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia defines migration as one of the main trends affecting the natural growth of the country's population, because it significantly changes the demographics of age and sex. According to the European statistic agency (Eurostat), around 230,000 people left Macedonia to live abroad legally in the period between 1998 and 2011. In these 14 years, more than 10 percent of the country's population has been drained by emigration. The real number of emigrated citizens is probably much higher when counting Macedonians who fled the country illegally.

        Macedonian emigration can be roughly classified into two groups: permanent family emigration, followed by ”brain-drain" and temporary economic emigration. In addition to...