Southwestern Macedonia
Lake Ohrid

The Southwestern Statistical Region borders Albania, and is divided into 9 municipalities: Centar Župa, Debar, Debarca, Kičevo, Makedonski Brod, Ohrid, Plasnica, Struga, and Vevčani.

 

Lake Ohrid is the biggest attraction of the region by far. With more than 200 endemic species, the lake's ecosystem is of global importance, and was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO. At 288 meters, It is one of the oldest and deepest lakes in Europe.

 

The City of Ohrid is located on Lake Ohrid. The city was once known as the 'Jerusalem of the Balkans' for its 365 churches, one church for each day of the year.

 

The region's economy mostly relies on tourism. During the summer, numerous festivals take place on the shores of the lake, bringing the tourist to town. 

Population

Regional stories

Macedonian Migrant Crisis in Numbers
08/26/2015
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

When the European Migrant crisis arose in Spring 2015, only a few could have foreseen declaring a state of emergency in Macedonia, on 20th August. Macedonia closed its' 45 km long border to Greece, and left a thousands of refugees stranded on the no man's land. Police turned violent and used tear gas and stun grenades on migrants. Several people were injured.

Macedonia became a major stop on the so-called Black Route leading across the Turkey, Greece, Macedonia and Serbia to the European Union countries. Although Greece is a part of the EU, migrants rarely choose to stay there because of the ongoing economic crisis. Most of the refugees are hoping for a final stop in Germany, Nederland or Sweden.  

The massive influx of refugees fleeing from...

A Brief Guide to Macedonian Wine
08/18/2015
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

Macedonia has been producing wine since the early Roman times. Today, with it's a little over 2 million residents, Macedonia accounts for 3-4% of world's wine production. 

State Statistical Office of Macedonia published data according to which nearly 200 000 tonnes were produced in 2014. Around 86 million vines produced an average of 2 kg per vine. 48 000 agricultural holdings grow grapes on more than 22 000 hectares. It is estimated that nearly 19 millions liters of wine were produced in 2014 across the country, of which around 80% red wine.

Some of the red varieties are...

Key Migration Trends in Macedonia
03/13/2015
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

 

The State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia defines migration as one of the main trends affecting the natural growth of the country's population, because it significantly changes the demographics of age and sex. According to the European statistic agency (Eurostat), around 230,000 people left Macedonia to live abroad legally in the period between 1998 and 2011. In these 14 years, more than 10 percent of the country's population has been drained by emigration. The real number of emigrated citizens is probably much higher when counting Macedonians who fled the country illegally.

        Macedonian emigration can be roughly classified into two groups: permanent family emigration, followed by ”brain-drain" and temporary economic emigration. In addition to...