The boundary Sharr Mountains

The Polog Statistical Region is located in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia and is the only region where Macedonians are not the ethnic majority. According to the latest population census, Albanians are the prevalent ethnicity of the Polog.


On the north of the region, on the border of the country, lays the Sharr Mountains. The highest peak of the mountain massif is Titov Vrv (2,748 m). The range is also known for Sarplaninac, a sheepdog bred on the mountain pastures. The beautiful landscape of the Sharr Mountain has a lot to offer - wild nature,  small dairies and modern ski resorts.

Near the village Vrutok, the Vardar river begins. The largest river of the country irrigates fertile soil around it.


The economy of the region is predominantly dependent on its numerous emigrants from abroad. Some of the major companies of the region include, Silmak (ex Jugohrom) - a massive metallurgical plant, Zikoprom, Renova, and Ecolog International.  


Regional stories

Macedonian Migrant Crisis in Numbers
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

When the European Migrant crisis arose in Spring 2015, only a few could have foreseen declaring a state of emergency in Macedonia, on 20th August. Macedonia closed its' 45 km long border to Greece, and left a thousands of refugees stranded on the no man's land. Police turned violent and used tear gas and stun grenades on migrants. Several people were injured.

Macedonia became a major stop on the so-called Black Route leading across the Turkey, Greece, Macedonia and Serbia to the European Union countries. Although Greece is a part of the EU, migrants rarely choose to stay there because of the ongoing economic crisis. Most of the refugees are hoping for a final stop in Germany, Nederland or Sweden.  

The massive influx of refugees fleeing from...

A Brief Guide to Macedonian Wine
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

Macedonia has been producing wine since the early Roman times. Today, with it's a little over 2 million residents, Macedonia accounts for 3-4% of world's wine production. 

State Statistical Office of Macedonia published data according to which nearly 200 000 tonnes were produced in 2014. Around 86 million vines produced an average of 2 kg per vine. 48 000 agricultural holdings grow grapes on more than 22 000 hectares. It is estimated that nearly 19 millions liters of wine were produced in 2014 across the country, of which around 80% red wine.

Some of the red varieties are...

Key Migration Trends in Macedonia
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute


The State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia defines migration as one of the main trends affecting the natural growth of the country's population, because it significantly changes the demographics of age and sex. According to the European statistic agency (Eurostat), around 230,000 people left Macedonia to live abroad legally in the period between 1998 and 2011. In these 14 years, more than 10 percent of the country's population has been drained by emigration. The real number of emigrated citizens is probably much higher when counting Macedonians who fled the country illegally.

        Macedonian emigration can be roughly classified into two groups: permanent family emigration, followed by ”brain-drain" and temporary economic emigration. In addition to...